Effects of Institutional Framework Lapses in Solid Waste Management; Case of Ngomongo, Nairobi, Kenya



Institutional frameworks serve as vehicles for proper solid waste management. Lapses in institutional structures create ecological disasters that affect public health and environmental degradation. Municipal solid waste management is a critical subject worldwide, and removal and control of municipal solid waste remain a global task, specifically in developing countries. The objective of the research was to analyze the effects of institutional framework lapses in solid waste management in Nairobi, Kenya. The case of Ngomongo illustrates lapses in waste institutions in Nairobi City. The research design for the study used a mixed-method where primary data was collected using a transect walk, questionnaires with 385 households administered, and satellite images. Focus group discussions and key informant interviews were used to ensure the validity and reliability of the data. The results show the lapses that exist in institutional frameworks in Nairobi City as supported by the objective of the study. The effects are demonstrated by the doubled number of mini-landfills, and open waste sites on the roadside over the decade.